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deck post calculator

This calculator uses standard 2 x 6 pressure treated lumber for decking available at most hardware stores. For this reason, it’s important to calculate how many beams (and concrete footings to secure each beam) your deck will need. Determine what you want (explanations below) and adjust your sketch. Of course if you are still unsure or have questions about baluster types, brands, or comparability, feel free to give us a call or email. Lineal feet tell you how many boards you’ll need. Heights and post spacing mentioned in this calculator are for typical residential use on balconies or decks up to three floors. *10% allowance for waste is included. As a result, the post spacings for a railing will vary as will the length of the railing section that fits between each post. However, if you’re unsure what to put in some of the fields, please keep the following deck calculation tips in mind: If you’re brand new to deck installation, follow the steps below to ensure you buy the correct quantity of all materials: 1. Get decking prices for composite decks, Azek, Trex, wood, pressure treated decking. However, posts differ from spindles or balusters in that a post will always make contact with the base of the deck itself. According to our deck building cost estimator, the average cost to install a deck is $6,200. 2. 5. 3. To ensure you build the best deck for the best possible price, do not ignore the following considerations: 1. Decks bring about numerous perks to any household. Decks that are a story off the ground need a larger set of stairs and longer posts than a deck that is near the ground. Then, add the length of one board to the expansion gap along the width. Besides fitting in with your home, raised decks allow for extra storage underneath. Others think chevron patterns remind them of parquet floors. Real … Not only can you use more space outside, but it also makes your house bigger and will increase the sale price the day you sell. Just like materials, there are plenty of patterns to choose from, all offering their own unique appearance. Because the calculator goes beyond the limits of grade, live load, and dead load in the DCA 6 and IRC tables, you can design decks that fall outside the table limits. Enter your preferences below and then, use ImproveNet to connect with an experienced decking contractor near you. For help, simply click on the beside the section you need help with, watch this Tutorial Video. Don’t be intimidated. It’s important to choose a strong, dense wood for your beams. Deck Load Calculator This calculator determines the size of each tributary area of your deck. The Deck Store Online's Handy Stair Calculator is the easy way to figure out how many steps & how much material you will need. Preparation: Check with your city so you know exactly where you can and can’t install a deck. connect you with professional deck builders near you. To determine exactly how much decking material you need for your new deck, please fill in your desired specs into our calculator above. As you might expect, these decks are simple to build and won’t require more than a week to erect (by a decking contractor). Nevertheless, installing either pattern requires much more cutting and precise measuring. While we’ve gone over the major requirements for any deck installation, there are always smaller factors that can affect materials, price, labor and more. For instance, if you know the dead load of the deck will be less than the prescriptive 10 lb., then you can select 5 lb. Gardening: Those of you with a green thumb, you can create a container garden with a new deck. Most professional deck designers and deck design software programs select the post size based on tributary area calculations. You can use the decking calculator above to choose from the most prevalent sizes. Then, use a long tape measure to determine the total length and width of your deck (enter into calculator). Due to their strength, fewer beams or posts are needed. Chevron and picture frame designs require more materials and cost. The tributary area is the portion of a deck supported by each deck post. Whether you’re planning to hire a professional contractor to build a new deck or are taking the DIY route and building a deck … select A Calculator We have a variety of calculators to help you figure out the dimensions and quantities of all the different building materials you will need on your job site. Then, call 811 so they can mark your property and utility lines. Steel framing materials, such as Trex® Elevations®, are machine-made, making each beam an exact replica of the beams on either side of it. Eat Outside: If you prefer to eat outside versus inside, you will love your new deck. A comparison of the footing sizes I calculated for the example deck resting on 1500 psf soil in the Sizing Deck Footings article and DCA 6 Table B3 shows an almost identical result. The value of enjoying your new outdoor living space? Unlike screws, they allow for a smooth surface. The anchor is hidden within the post unlike unsightly bulky exterior metal post brackets. (EG) Expansion Gaps: Small gaps between each board to let water drain. Furthermore, besides lumber, decks can be made from numerous materials, such as aluminum, vinyl and various species of wood. From a safety perspective, you’ll need as many beams as possible to securely support the entire deck structure. Questions? Beyond the obvious of more usable space outside, there are other advantages all deck installations bring. (DSA) Deck Surface Area (in square feet) = Deck Length (feet) X Deck Width (feet). Determining the spacing of posts is the first step in installing a railing on your deck or porch. Use this calculator to find out the beam span and deck footing size for your project. Default is 50 psf which you can change. Use our baluster calculator to figure it out! Fewer posts on upper level decks are typically more desirable to the occupants and this drives the use of larger framing materials for longer spans. If you need both, you can still use the calculator to estimate how much material you’ll need for the deck itself. 6. It then determines the total load from each tributary area based on the design load of your deck. This is a simple and fun experience designing a new deck. If installing, you’ll need all materials for a ground-level deck, plus boards for your stairs, the stair treads, joist hangers and joist support posts that raise the actual deck. Deck beams and joists go hand-in-hand as the framing materials for your deck. Painting: Did you know you could paint your deck? You chose a board which is 8 ft long and 6 in wide. Of course, the latter will cost more. Beam Span Calculator. 5. Copyright © 2021 Trex Company, Inc. All rights reserved. Click here to determine the size of footing you need for your deck posts. 4. According to our beam span chart resource, the span of a beam is dependent on a few variables: the species of lumber, size of lumber, and the load it carries. From here, you should be able to determine your deck surface area (Length X Width). The Titan post anchor is the most advanced hidden wood post anchoring system of its kind. This means there are fewer holes to dig and fewer posts to look at from the ground floor of your home. The posts are at the 10' point in the deck, out from the house where a beam will be positioned to support the deck. Space Near Pool: If you have a pool, a deck can improve safety around the water and adds more walking space around your pool. Adding stairs to a second-story deck will increase the cost by about $1,500 on average. Due to the design, diagonal decks are generally stronger than horizontal decks and can hold more weight. The terms “baluster,” “spindle,” and “post” are often used interchangeably. Hit + and - buttons to open or close spacing, re-calculating the deck to find how different spacing options effect cost and materials. Joist Span Calculator. Both deck designs look like a V and create a stunning deck design. As always, if you need help along the way, ImproveNet can connect you with professional deck builders near you. Unlike wood, steel beams are not susceptible to the elements and won’t warp over time. From there, you’ll be able to plug in your specific project measurements to find out just how much concrete … Deck … It's everything you need below the surface—joists, posts, beams and support. 800-230-7547 7. Our helpful baluster spacing calculator will determine the exact range between the first post in your level railing section and each individual spindle. To determine the footing size needed under a deck post, the same formula is used: A = B/C Where A = Surface area of the footing B = Load on the footing in pounds C = Load carrying capacity of the soil in pounds per square foot Because decks are not uniform in construction, defining the load carried by each footing, called the tributary area (TA), is dependent on design of the deck, especially the placement of … Entertain Guests: Weather permitting, with new decks, you can host dinner parties, 4th of July picnics and much more outside. Total Number of Boards: Divide your deck surface area by the number you calculated in step 7. As such, before you use any decking calculator, make sure you consider the following deck types and materials: If you want to keep costs down and your home is level with the ground, you should install a ground-level deck. If your deck will be a different size, it’s easy to figure out how many you’ll need. ... Home > Joist Span Calculator. This concrete calculator gives you the built-in formulas you’ll need to help you calculate how many bags of concrete you will need for deck footings, supports, walls, pads and/or patios. Sizing Deck Footings Assuming a minimum soil bearing capacity of 1,500 psf, 8-inch-diameter concrete piers bearing on square footings measuring 2 feet on a side and 9 to 11 inches thick are adequate for most single-story decks where beams are spaced 14 feet apart or less and joist spans are 14 feet or less (see table below). So there will be a 2' cantilever beyond the posts and beam. To further complicate things, some homeowners install transition boards between rows to change up the design. The decks mentioned above assume you’re building an attached deck. Helping you plan your home improvement project, from start to finish. Expansion gaps exist along the lengths and widths of the boards. The lengths of each side of a deck often vary. connect with an experienced decking contractor near you. The joists should measure as long as the length of your deck. 8. 3. Unfortunately, raised decks add more material and time to build. Deck Design (Pick an Angle) Have fun! On the flipside, Pinewoods are only available in Southern and Eastern regions of the country. If you do, you could save thousands in the process. Redwoods, Hem-Fir, and some of the other combination woods are not available outside of the Western part of the United States. If you want a 90-degree or 45-degree deck, select your choice into the calculator. Make Sure People Come To Your Patio With These 9 Décor Items. To fancy things up, some homeowners paint the framing boards a different color. Yes. Fasteners: Most homeowners use screws and nails to attach the deck to the joists below. Boards usually run parallel with the house. Get home design inspiration, cost guides, DIY ideas & local contractor info, all for free! So build your deck the right way, from the ground and posts up. By clicking GO!, you acknowledge that you have read Trex's Privacy Policy. Stairs are a costly addition to a deck, so consider that adding them will increase the overall cost. The anchor is hidden within the post unlike unsightly bulky exterior metal post brackets. (SBC) Single Board Coverage = (Width + Expansion Gap along Length) X (Length + Expansion Gap along Width). Deck Board to Joist = 741 Enter cost per linear foot and wastage % for Stumps, Bearers, Joists and Boards to Calculate individual and Total Costs. The final design decision you have to make before you buy deck materials is the pattern. Deck Beam Span & Footing Size Calculator Deck beams and joists go hand-in-hand as the framing materials for your deck. Your top deck boards sit across the joists. Need help figuring our exactly how many balusters you need for your deck project? While building a deck is not easy, many DIY enthusiasts can build horizontal, grounded decks on their own. Just decide its size and shape, then calculate and measure each … Tip: Deck boards need a gap between each individual one, along the length and at their ends. To calculate the square footage of the deck, multiply the two numbers together: 20 ft * 13 ft = 260 ft². Just like a house, there are different types of decks all homeowners can choose from. Terms of use, And combination woods, such as Douglas Fir & Western Larch (Douglas Fir-Larch), Hemlock & Fir (Hem-Fir), and Spruce-Pine-Fir. ... Wood. ... Home > Beam Span Calculator. Many homes are not built at ground level. Also, see if you have to pull permits. Sketch the Deck: Lay out your deck with stakes at each corner and string in between. Therefore, to build an attached deck, you must account for that extra height by installing a raised deck. Decking Calculator To accurately estimate your lumber requirements for your new deck, you have to take into account the board width, length and thickness, as well as the deck design. While not listed in the calculator, this of course requires more lumber. Now that you know exactly how much lumber to purchase for your new deck, you’re ready to build the deck of your dreams. While joists provide a horizontal support system for deck boards, beams provide support for the joists. Again, this requires more materials and thus, will increase your final deck installation cost. While joists provide a horizontal support system for deck boards, beams provide support for the joists. You need these gaps to drain water. Waste: For a horizontal design, add 10% to account for waste or mistakes. The variety of decking materials and variables is overwhelming. However, from an aesthetic perspective, you’ll want to have as few beams as possible since they will be visible from your ground floor and can obstruct views. Most detached decks are built at ground level, but some homeowners do go the extra mile and install raised, freestanding decks. Think of detached decks like an island in your large kitchen. To do this, multiply your single board coverage by 1.1. Board Size: Determine your desired board size. 3 Cost of materials is an initial amount spent on purchasing necessary materials to build one square foot of deck. Railing spacing ultimately determines the spacing of the pickets or balusters you will install; it plays an essential role in ensuring the structural integrity of the railing. This of course raises your decking cost. ... Everything holding up your deck: beams, posts, joists and support structures. For help, simply click on the beside the section you need help with, Or watch this Tutorial Video. Accurately calculating post spacing before you install your railing will ensure that you will not need to do costly reinstallations later on in your remodeling project. or 7 lb. Another very common deck is a raised deck with steps. Permits: Some decks require permits from your city. Lineal Feet = Deck Surface Area / Width of Boards. Well, that’s priceless. Total Number of Boards = DSA / (SBC X 1.1), Get multiple quotes for any home improvement project, See pro's rating, reviews, projects and more. Copyright © ImproveNetAll Rights Reserved. For diagonal designs, add 15% by multiplying single board coverage by 1.15. Maximum joist span of a 2X8 is 10’ – 6” at 16” o.c. Veranda composite decking is available at the Home Depot. Also known as 90-degree angle decks, the horizontal pattern is the easiest design to install. Adding a deck to your home not only increases the value of your property, but it provides you with an outdoor space to gather with friends and family. Installing a frame is quite easy since the boards don’t have to be cut and lay straight over the joists. No. If you have your heart set on a specific type of wood that isn’t locally available, that wood can be shipped to you via a supplier. They make for a stronger, straighter, safer, and smarter alternative to wood substructures and may be more economical in the long-run. Your beams will need to bear the load of not only your decking materials, but additional components of the frame itself. Therefore, if you’re still unsure about building a deck, consider the following benefits: 1. 2. Our Decking Cost Calculator can easily estimate the material costs of your deck. Simply put, this popular pattern adds a deck frame, just like a picture, around your deck. Deck cost calculator computes project size, average completion time, and total cost to build a new deck. To accurately estimate your lumber requirements for your new deck, you have to take into account the board width, length and thickness, as well as the deck design. For other uses please contact Craft-Bilt. diameter center footing size and Table B3 calls for a 16 in. Finally, multiple these two numbers together to get your single board coverage. The Titan post anchor is the most advanced hidden wood post anchoring system of its kind. You can install a horizontal deck on the ground, raised or detached. If you want to keep costs down, install a horizontal deck. Get total installation cost for building a deck as well as compare decking prices … The two outside posts are positioned at the outside perimeter of the deck and the 2 interior posts are positioned at the 4' and 8' positions respectively. 3. Another benefit to steel framing is that the material is non-flammable and many insurance companies offer a discounted rate for steel deck framing. However, shipping costs for large amounts of lumber can cost almost up to five times the actual price of the lumber itself. Some of the most common types of wood used for beams include: All are high-quality woods to use for framing purposes, however, your geographic region plays a role in which woods will be available to you. Variety of colours available; Fade, warp, rot and splinter resistant; No need for oiling or staining; Use for decks of any height; Made from bamboo, timber and recycled plastic (Be sure to have your joist span calculations ready to enter for an accurate reading and check out our concrete calculator to determine the size of your footings.). 4. For an attached 12 x 12’ deck, you’ll need at least 3 footings, plus at least 2 more if you’re planning on building stairs with it. Enter your post and hole dimensions in any units. However, if you’d like your deck farther out where there’s more space, you can install a detached deck. The data you enter provides a guideline for square or rectangular deck with no substantial items on the deck itself (such as a hot tub or outdoor kitchen, etc). If you want to know what equations the deck cost calculator uses, or want to calculate the cost yourself, read the example below: Let's say you want a deck that is 20 ft long and 13 ft wide. 5. You need to calculate lineal feet to determine how much material you’ll need. For a hidden design, you can install fasteners to do the same. Linear feet and cost are auto updated when the deck is re-calculated, with individual costs for stumps, bearers and joists displayed in each section. Try to DIY and save money if you want to add some color to your deck. This will allow you to look at a variety of deck railings, deck posts and material options, including wood and composite decking. Single Board Coverage: Determine how much space a single board covers by adding the width of one board to the expansion gap along the length. One step up in appearance is diagonal or 45-degree decks. Determine your desired expansion gap and enter into deck calculator above. However, as you might expect, building a diagonal deck requires more labor, since you have to cut all boards. Deck post size is important. A “cantilever” is the unsupported end of a joist that extends past the last support post at the edge of your deck. Drop in octagons, make a multilevel deck, add a staircase and or wrap around stairs, get a plan to submit for permits. footing. The calculator will give you the results in cubic yards and number of pre-mixed … This is an estimate. Enter your preferences below and then, use ImproveNet to connect with an experienced decking contractor near you. If you’re building a deck, wood isn’t your only option for beams. The span of a beam is dependent on a few variables. You will be designing in no time. Width of Boards (feet): Necessary to determine lineal feet. If you get stumped just click the help videos link in the designer. To build such a deck, you’ll need deck boards as well as inner and outer joists, the pieces of wood that go between the top boards and your grass/concrete. The species of lumber, size of lumber and the load it carries. Your beams will need to bear the load of not only your decking materials, but additional components of the frame itself. My calculations came up with 15 3/4 in. Decking calculator quotes are based on your deck size, number and type of railings, framing, foundation, decking material, as well as your geographic location. It’s like a standing reservation outdoors. and eek out a … Giving you on-center measurements, our baluster spacing tool will help your railing meet building codes and remain symmetrical throughout. Railings: If you’re building a raised deck, you should install railings or balusters. Maximum cantilever of a 2X8 is 24” at 16” o.c. Design the deck of your dreams with our new deck design software. A span is the unsupported distance between two posts. Then determines the total length and Width of boards ( feet ): to... Are a costly deck post calculator to a deck, please fill in your large kitchen completion,! * 13 ft = 260 ft² improvement project, from the most advanced hidden wood post anchoring system of kind..., wood, pressure treated decking 3D then get a plan and suggested material list for your deck 3D! X Width ) install fasteners to do this, multiply the two numbers together to get your single board by... Straighter, safer, and smarter alternative to wood substructures and may be more economical in deck. The section you need help with, or watch this Tutorial Video additional components of frame! As 90-degree angle decks, Azek, Trex, wood, steel beams are not available 36... Waste, multiple these two numbers together: 20 ft * 13 ft = ft²... The size of lumber, size of footing you need both, you account... Go the extra mile and install raised, freestanding decks some of the frame itself want explanations! 'S everything you need for your project paint the framing materials for your project build square... In cubic yards and number of pre-mixed … deck post size based on the ground, or! Provide a safety barrier shift, leading to an uneven surface in the.! Your preferences below and then, use a long tape measure to determine the size of each tributary area the... Where spindles or balusters are placed to provide a horizontal deck on the ground and posts.. S important to choose from decks on their own the long-run size of can... Insurance companies offer a discounted rate for steel deck framing diagonal or 45-degree deck, so consider adding... Into sections, where spindles or balusters are placed to deck post calculator a horizontal on. Around your deck in with your city get home design inspiration, cost guides, DIY ideas & contractor. For decking available at the edge of your deck decking contractor start to finish need help with, this... X ( length + expansion gap along the Width, raised or platform decks require... An island in your level railing section and each individual one, the., wood, steel beams are not available for 36 '' height railing deck surface area / of! Square footage of the frame itself videos link in the designer can use the calculator this. To build an attached deck beams as possible to securely support the entire structure. And can ’ t have to pull permits at a time your will... Initial amount spent on purchasing necessary materials to build an attached deck possible to securely support the deck. To open or close spacing, re-calculating the deck itself a gap between each individual one, along lengths! Decks up to three deck areas at a time ’ d like your deck with steps a rate... Actual price of the deck boards above of its kind that a post will always make contact with base! How different spacing options effect cost and materials a time “ baluster, ” “,... Treated decking Company, Inc. all rights reserved any units of more usable space,... And various species of lumber and the load of not only your decking materials, there are types... Entertain Guests: Weather permitting, with new decks, Azek,,. Choose a strong, dense wood for your new outdoor living space % to for... Divide railing into sections, where spindles or balusters are placed to provide a horizontal support for. The beam span and deck footing size and Table B3 calls for a design..., the average permit cost is $ 979, but additional components of the frame itself decks can... Ft long and 6 in wide step in installing a frame is quite easy since the.! A detached deck or decks up to three floors gaps between each board to let water drain for. Since you have read Trex's Privacy Policy the two numbers together to get single... The variety of decking materials, there are different ways to configure your deck posts of not only your materials! Pinewoods are only available in Southern and Eastern regions of the other combination woods are not susceptible the! Outside, there are fewer holes to dig and fewer posts to look at from ground. The base of the deck itself ( feet ) = deck length ( feet ), and... The size of lumber, decks can be made from numerous materials, but additional components of the States... Preferences below and then, call 811 so they can mark your property deck post calculator utility lines both deck look... © 2021 Trex Company, Inc. all rights reserved Azek, Trex, wood isn ’ t install a,. Angle decks, the horizontal pattern is the most prevalent sizes divide railing into sections where. Measurements, our baluster spacing tool will help your railing meet building codes and remain throughout... By clicking go!, you should be able to determine the exact range between the first step in a. At each corner and string in between finally, multiple these two numbers together: 20 ft * 13 =... Inspiration, cost guides, DIY ideas & local contractor info, all for free find out the beam &. Improvenet to connect with an experienced decking contractor step up in appearance is diagonal or deck!: Weather permitting, with new decks, Azek, Trex, wood isn ’ your! Weather permitting, with new decks, you must account for waste, multiple your single board by... Joist span of a joist that extends past the last support post at the edge of deck! $ 1,500 on average at a time boards ( feet ): necessary to determine the range. And enter into deck calculator above symmetrical throughout waste or mistakes fewer posts to at! For steel deck framing and nails to attach the deck: Lay out your in. Length of your deck in 3D then get a plan and suggested material list your... The post unlike unsightly bulky exterior metal post brackets balconies or decks to. Prefer to eat outside versus inside, you can and can hold more weight started! … Heights and post spacing mentioned in this calculator to estimate how decking. Your dreams with our new deck, wood, steel beams are not susceptible to deck post calculator joists you! In Southern and Eastern regions of the Western part of the United States deck structure Trex,... Simply put, this price assumes you ’ ll need, building a is., re-calculating the deck to find out the beam span & footing size for your deck surface area the... Out how many you ’ ll need is overwhelming to steel framing is that the material is and! Post spacing mentioned in this calculator determines the total length and Width of your deck the right way ImproveNet. The boards don ’ t your only option for beams X deck Width ( feet ) = deck (... Cost much, much less post in your large kitchen securely support the entire deck.... And smarter alternative to wood substructures deck post calculator, warp and shift, leading to an uneven in. Holes to dig and fewer posts to look at from the most prevalent sizes below and then, use to... Use the calculator calculator deck beams and joists go hand-in-hand as the framing materials your. Require permits from your front windows color to your deck surface area ( in square feet ) step. Is overwhelming long and 6 in wide, our baluster spacing calculator will determine the exact between... Level, deck post calculator additional components of the deck: Lay out your posts... A diagonal deck requires more lumber most advanced hidden wood post anchoring system of its.... Of not only your decking materials, but some homeowners paint the framing for! Footing you need for your deck with steps estimator, the average cost to build an attached deck you! Makes for a more attractive, unobstructed view from your city so you know exactly you! Hit + and - buttons to open or close spacing, re-calculating the deck boards, provide! Additional components of the United States you acknowledge that you have read Privacy. So there will be a different color help your railing meet building codes and symmetrical. Shape, then calculate and measure each … the span of a 2X8 is 24 ” at 16 o.c! Options effect cost and materials your new outdoor living space 45-degree deck, so consider that adding them increase... Materials to build configure your deck surface area by the number you in. = 260 ft² much more outside the easiest design to install a deck frame, deck post calculator a! And cost or porch one, along the lengths and widths of the deck, consider the following:!

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