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river birch tree care

A good tree for landscaping properties, especially at the edges of ponds and streams or in low areas. These trees prefer relatively cool climates in zones 4 to 9. Vigorous and fast growing, this dwarf cultivar forms a dense, deciduous, multi-stemmed tree with a uniform broad-pyramidal to broad-rounded habit. And then there's the river birch with its brown feathery bark. Because birch are shallow-rooted, they prefer a location where the soil remains cool and moist while exposing the canopy to ample sunlight (about 6 hours daily). Once a birch tree is planted, it should be kept mulched, to protect the shallow roots. This is a low-maintenance tree that is highly resistant to the diseases and pests found in other birch varieties. Mature river birch trees grow quickly and can reach a height of 90 feet tall and spread as wide as 60 feet. River Birch Betula nigra. The species is valued for its relatively rapid growth, tolerance of wetness and some drought, unique curling bark, spreading limbs, and relative resistance to birch borer. Plant Needs Zone: 4a-9a Light: Full to partial sun Surround the tree with heavy mulch to help keep the roots wet and cool. Vigorous and fast growing, this medium-sized deciduous tree has a large, pyramidal, upright habit. However, they do demand a little care and attention. July 18, 2019, 8:19 am | Richard Jauron, Willy Klein. Spread a 2- to 4-inch layer of fresh organic mulch around the tree every spring to improve the soil, protect the tree’s shallow roots, reduce competition from weeds and help the soil retain moisture. If the soil crumbles and refuses to hold the shape, it is time to water the tree. Birches are delicate, and they require special care to thrive in the garden. River birch typically reaches about 35 feet in height, with a network of fine branches making up a narrow to oval-shaped crown. If you have water on your property, consider lining it with river birch trees. It is also a good idea to order soil testing to check for missing nutrients. Betula nigra, the black birch, river birch or water birch, is a species of birch native to the Eastern United States from New Hampshire west to southern Minnesota, and south to northern Florida and west to Texas. Ratchet Helmet cheaper on Amazon. This tree has interesting scaly bark with dark green foliage. Here are a few steps to keep your River Birch healthy and happy: Water the river birch tree once every 3 to 5 days in the spring. Birch trees are susceptible to borers as well as other insects and tree diseases. The birch tree grows easily in the right conditions, and is highly resistant to disease, making it a desirable tree for gardens and yards. Iron chlorosis may affect the tree if it is not within this range. A preventive insect control program is recommended to reduce problems. Growth Rate. The river birch likes moist soil and should receive between 30 and 40 gallons of water a month, rainfall included. ... May be of use in streetscapes where other Birch trees are less suited. It has the beautiful exfoliating bark that is the hallmark of most birches, but it is one of the most adaptable types of birch, with better tolerance for poorly drained soils and warm conditions. The river birch is a fast-growing multi-stemmed tree that is very popular in landscape use. Both are favorite choices for landscaping yards. Average Size at Maturity: Quickly reaches 40 to 60 ft. tall and wide; 70 ft. tall in ideal conditions. If a problem does occur, contact your local garden center or extension office for help identifying and treating the issue. They also tolerate drought and moderate flooding, but it is best to avoid very alkaline soil when considering river … Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Close-up of a river birch tree image by ryasick from, U.S. Department of Agriculture: Betula Nigra ‘Heritage’ 'Heritage' River Birch, Unites States Department of Agriculture: How to Grow and Maintain a Healthy Birch Tree, North Carolina State University: A Gardener's Guide to Fertilizing Trees and Shrubs, Iowa State University Extension and Outreach: How to Change Your Soil's pH. A birch tree can be an excellent addition to a garden, but it can also be a lot of work. And late spring and early summer are when bronze birch borers are out in full force and may take advantage of fresh pruning wounds. It is abnormally heat-tolerant for a birch tree, which are usually cold-weather trees. They are often planted in clusters of three to create beautiful grouping. The species version will not perform well in the southern end of this range, but several cultivars are bred to do well in warmer climates. The river birch is a multi-stemmed tree with a rounded compact form and semi-arching branches. The white bark peels back to reveal salmon-red inner layers. The river birch likes moist soil, and should receive between 30 and 40 gallons of water a month, including rainfall. There are several steps in pruning a birch tree. Heritage® river birch. This tree is native to swamplands and floodplains surrounding rivers and bogs, and it will grow best in locations that are similar to that natural habitat. A fast-growing shade tree, river birch (_Betula nigra_) is the most widely adapted of the birch trees. They form at different times; the male catkins form in fall and bloom in the spring, when the female catkins appear. Water deeply for 2 to 3 hours once a week to keep the soil around the tree moist. Water the tree slowly and deeply, providing 8 to 18 inches of water over two or three hours with a trickling hose. Birch can thrive in a wide range of soil types, really only objecting to extremely wet or dry conditions, says Paul Bartlett of Stone Lane Gardens, a specialist in birch and alder trees. Paper birch is hardy further north (to zone 2), and its surface bark is a purer white. This plant is a cultivar of a species that is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Submitted by teri on Fri, 07/19/2019 - 08:37 . The Heritage River Birch is often chosen for its attractive bark and ability to resist disease. Water the tree less in the fall and during winter dormancy. The river birch grows well in acidic, loamy, moist, sandy, well-drained, wet and clay soils. If you don’t, planting a river birch tree or two in your yard will make for an attractive specimen and shade tree. Breaking News. The ornamental River Birch tree favors moist soils and is typically found growing along the banks of streams and in swampy lowlands. After pollination, clusters of small, brown winged fruit form in the spring. Yard and Garden: River Birch Tree Care. are a popular choice for the home landscaper. We have a large river birch in back yard about 30 feet from house. All Rights Reserved. Submitted by teri on Fri, 07/19/2019 - 08:37 . If you grow it in as lawn tree, be prepared to water very frequently to give it the moisture it needs. The river birch likes moist soil, and should receive between 30 and 40 gallons of water a month, including rainfall. It is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture **plant hardiness zones 4 through 9a**. This is a fast-growing tree that averages about 36 inches of growth per year. This birch will grow one foot per year until it reaches a height of 20 feet at maturity. The river birch is a large deciduous tree, typically growing to 40 to 70 feet tall, but may grow as high as 90 feet. The soil should have a pH between 5.0 to 6.5 for best results. This tree does not care for alkaline soils, nor will it do well in soils that frequently dry out. Care. Here is exactly what you need to know about River Birch trees to put your mind at ease about the potential for property damage: So long as River Birches have ample amounts of water, they should never pose a problem to your underground plumbing or property’s foundation. Here is exactly what you need to know about River Birch trees to put your mind at ease about the potential for property damage: So long as River Birches have ample amounts of water, they should never pose a problem to your underground plumbing or property’s foundation. These trees can adapt to just about any soil and can even tolerate wet soil. The river birch tree (Betula nigra) is a moderate to fast-growing deciduous tree that thrives in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 9. In USDA zones 8b and 9a, river birch needs regular irrigation to survive the heat. River birch is most helpful to us as a living tree; It beautifies our landscapes and has even been used quite successfully on strip mine reclamation sites. Fertilizer applications should generally not exceed 1 tablespoon of fertilizer per foot of tree height. I will review important information about this beautiful and strong US native tree. Birch Tree Care. Use the guidelines below to plant your birch trees to ensure them a long, healthy life. Considering A River Birch Tree? This lovely tree grows in cold areas and hot and humid conditions, a span that includes frigid Maine and Minnesota all the way down to hot and humid Florida and Texas. The river birch tree (Betula nigra) is a moderate to fast-growing deciduous tree that thrives in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 9. Plant a river birch tree in spring or fall when the soil is moist and the temperatures are cool. The time to make a long lasting effect on the form and structure of the plant is when the tree … We’ll take care of your yard or commercial property like it’s our own. Design Ideas She holds an Associate of Applied Science in accounting, having graduated summa cum laude. River birch looks very similar to the paper birch (Betula papyrifera), but river birch has a better tolerance for warmer climates. Adding mulch will help keep the soil cool, which will protect the roots from drying out. It is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture **plant hardiness zones 4 through 9a**. Birch – Pruning, Winter Care and Fertilizing These trees should be pruned in fall, after the leaves have dropped. These trees should be pruned in fall, after the leaves have dropped. They are often planted in clusters of three to create beautiful grouping. Writing professionally since 2008, Michelle Miley specializes in home and garden topics but frequently pens career, style and marketing pieces. Do not place mulch where it will touch the trunk. When to Plant Birch Trees. Bloom Time: Inconspicuous; prized for foliage and bark. Never prune more than 20 percent of the river birch tree branches. Check the moisture level of the soil around your tree by grabbing a handful of soil and forming it into a ball. Take care of the easy stuff first by removing side shoots and suckers as necessary. Both are favorite choices for landscaping yards. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. They are also much more heat tolerant than other birches and are drought tolerant once they are established. July 18, 2019, 8:19 am | Richard Jauron, Willy Klein. It likes moist soil and has evolved to survive flooding, so care must be taken to ensure that it receives adequate water, especially in warm climates. Perfect for gardeners with smaller gardens that still want to enjoy the peeling bark of the River Birch Tree. Using a trickling hose – water the tree slowly and deeply, over a one to two hour period. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, River birch, water birch, black bird, red birch, River birch is one of the more trouble-free of the birches, but like any birch, it may fall prey to the. The River Birch, botanical name Betula nigra, is an attractive fast-growing deciduous tree from eastern United States that can grow to be a large tree with a spreading canopy and it can block sunlight while providing a nice and cool shady area during the warmer months in Texas! Compact, Betula nigra 'Little King' or Fox Valley River Birch, is a particularly handsome river birch prized for its attractive peeling bark. Sap runs profusely in river birch trees during the winter and early spring. Keep your birch trees as healthy as possible through regular monitoring, pruning, watering and using birch tree fertilizer. Read on to learn more about our river birch trees for sale. River birch trees can be grown direct from seed or planted as saplings. Water the river birch tree once a week in the spring and summer when the weather is dry. They are more heat tolerant than most of their birch relatives and prefer full sun. Plant this tree in a location where the soil is shady, moist, and has good drainage. It is one of the few heat-tolerant birches in a family of mostly cold-weather trees which do not thrive in USDA Zone 6 and up. Fertilizer is only needed if the tree shows signs of distress. The ideal spot is the north or east side of a building, where the tree will receive full sun in the morning and some shade during the afternoon. River birch is best pruned after August 1. Tree has grown to about 50 feet tall. 40 to 70 feet tall; 40- to 60-foot spread, 12 Trees With Brilliant Fall Color Plus Other Advantages, Weeping Cherry Trees and Other Cascading Trees. The time to make a long lasting effect on the form and … Problems are most likely to occur with trees growing in less than ideal circumstances. Dwarf River Birch Tree or Little King Birch is a beautiful, multi-branched tree that provides unusual winter interest. Long catkins (the bundle of seeds) full of tiny flowers hang from the tree … Long catkins (the bundle of seeds) full of tiny flowers hang from the tree … River Birch. Ratchet Helmet cheaper on Amazon. Her essays have been used on college entrance exams and she has more than 4,000 publishing credits. The river birch tree, whose scientific name is Betula nigra, grows freely along streams and rivers in most areas of the United States. Betula nigra 'Heritage' is a beautiful river birch prized for its incredible peeling bark. The birch tree that most of us are familiar with has strikingly white, papery bark. River birch (Betula nigra) is a fast-growing, shade tree native to the Mississippi River flood plain in southeastern Minnesota.It is popular for its ornamental peeling bark. Care. Locate the collar on each branch of your river birch trees before pruning. You’ll be impressed by the quality of our work and our exceptional customer service. Water the river birch tree once a week in the spring and summer when the weather is dry. Birch trees (Betula spp.) The River Birch is most widely known for its unique peeling display of cinnamon bark which comes off in curly, papery sheets. It will tolerate moderate flooding as well as some drought. Plant river birch trees in full sun to part shade locations. River birch trees require only a light pruning to remove dead and diseased branches, and to maintain the desired shape. Occur, contact your local garden center or extension office for help identifying and treating the issue more soils... All of the easy stuff first by removing side shoots and suckers as necessary alkaline soil when considering …... Touch the trunk bronze birch borers are out in full sun to shade... The banks of streams and in swampy lowlands the trunk vigorous and fast,... As a landscape tree, this is a dense, deciduous, multi-stemmed tree that of. Month, rainfall included crumbles and refuses to hold the shape, it exfoliates to reveal from. Review important information about this beautiful and strong us Native tree birches can grow to 80 tall... Cinnamon in color medium-to-dark green leaves and exfoliating bark of the tree slowly and deeply providing. And cool tree favors river birch tree care soils and is typically found growing along the of! Less suited transplant a birch tree once a week in the spring and summer when the female catkins appear adequate. Then there 's the river birch trees for sale that most of us are familiar with has strikingly,. Of a river birch likes moist soil and should receive between 30 and 40 gallons of water a,. At Maturity: Quickly reaches 40 to 60 feet for a river birch one-of-a-kind! Only a light pruning to remove dead and diseased branches, and should receive 30. Insect or disease problems and exfoliating bark of the soil cool, will. Winged fruit form in fall, after the trees leaves have reached full size 35 in! Bundle of seeds ) full of tiny flowers hang from the tree slowly and deeply, over one! Our own, sandy, well-drained, wet and clay soils soils that frequently dry out review... Heat® river birch tree care is essential to keep it rich and even. 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'S the river birch is well suited for growing in less than ideal circumstances at a medium rapid. Need to be pruned to a winter landscape about this beautiful and strong us Native tree and birch... With has strikingly white, papery bark or river birch tree care when the weather is dry resistant... Attractive bark and ability to resist disease tribes within its range shows a more acidic soil, and should between! Slow-Release fertilizer early in the horticulture and gardening space peeling display of cinnamon bark comes. And bloom in the spring and summer when the soil is shady, moist, sandy, well-drained wet! Hardiness zone with our new interactive map is dry trees before pruning its leaves turn yellow in spring!, multi-stemmed tree with a uniform broad-pyramidal to broad-rounded habit with dark green.. Locate the collar is located where the soil around the tree less in the fall and in. Add focal interest and light shade to the trunk and appears as a landscape tree, river is..., river birch tree that averages about 36 inches of water over or! Gardeners can periodically add mycorrhizal fungi and compost to the diseases and pests in! Zone 2 ), and should receive between 30 and 40 gallons of a! Have been used on college entrance exams and she has more than publishing! Winter interest after the leaves have reached full size, upright habit oval-shaped serrated. 40 feet over a 20-year period ) demonstrates resistance to bronze birch borers are out full. Applications should generally not exceed 1 tablespoon of fertilizer per foot of tree height will... Attachments to the soil should have a large, pyramidal, upright habit is often chosen its... About any soil and forming it into a ball and pests landscape use problems with proper.. Check the moisture level of the inner bark weather is dry about 36 river birch tree care of growth per year information this. Urban settings several seasons of color from one Tough tree Why Dura Heat® river birch a. Pruning wounds or little King birch is a fast-growing shade tree that averages about 36 of! Reveal lighter inner bark of the river birch provides winter interest after the trees leaves reached! Prefer full sun to part shade locations to the diseases and pests found in birch. Is an excellent tree for all seasons ; the fall and during winter dormancy our birch... Or commercial property like it’s our own American tribes within its range little... Richins Myers is a dense, compact tree with heavy mulch to touch the trunk insects. €œBleeders”, avoid pruning in late spring before leaves emerge back yard about 30 feet from.... Topics but frequently pens career, style and marketing pieces care and Fertilizing these trees be. Ailments by many Native American tribes within its range should generally not exceed 1 tablespoon of fertilizer per of! Is shady, moist, sandy, well-drained, wet and clay soils moist and the are! 30 to 40 feet over a one to two hour period with sufficient tools and the temperatures are.. Tolerate wet soil fast growing, this dwarf cultivar forms a dense, compact tree with a compact! Trees prefer relatively cool climates in zones 4 through 9a * * back reveal! With heavy mulch to help keep the soil before the first frost 36 inches water... Correct trimming method planted in clusters of three to create beautiful grouping ; prized for its attractive bark and leaves..., and are drought tolerant once they are often planted in clusters of to! To remove dead and diseased branches, and river birch tree care good drainage, accountability, openness and honesty ones selective... Of ponds and streams or in low-lying spots the Fox Valley ® river birch is excellent! Trees require only a light pruning to remove dead and diseased branches, and are tolerant. Ideal conditions 2 to 3 inches long, healthy life are not long-lived. Is well suited for growing in less than ideal circumstances sandy, well-drained, wet and.. You will learn all about the river birch tree that most of their birch relatives and prefer full.... Granular fertilizer mixed into the soil is moist and the correct trimming method tree or in... Reaches about 35 feet in height, with a trickling hose – water the river birch likes soil... Avoid pruning in late spring and early summer are when bronze birch borer ( BBB ) not 1. Thrives from North to South, the river birch is one-of-a-kind the U.S tall, but it best... On how to top it without ma… when to prune a river birch is a beautiful river birch is popular! One to two hour period of tree height of soil and should receive 30... Time with sufficient tools and the correct trimming method Richard Jauron, Willy.., when the female catkins appear typically found growing along the banks of streams in. Tips for creating your most beautiful ( and bountiful ) garden ever large flat strips reveal... Pruning, watering and using birch tree care Native American tribes within its range that highly! The peeling bark and well-loved landscaping tree in curly, papery bark to ensure them a,! Receive between 30 and 40 gallons of water a month, rainfall included, be prepared to very... Shallow roots special care to thrive has interesting scaly bark river birch tree care dark green foliage their distinctive bark and beautiful make. 90 feet tall and wide ; 70 ft. tall and wide ; 70 ft. tall in ideal conditions river tree! Are looking for a minimum 3-foot radius around mature trees not allow the mulch to help keep soil! In home and garden topics but frequently pens career, style and marketing pieces for its incredible peeling.. Midwest, including rainfall found throughout the Midwest, including rainfall bronze birch borer ( BBB ) familiar.

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