The wording “she placed it among the reeds” (ibid.) Jewish Women: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia. Moses was a Hebrew (Jewish) child who was adopted by Pharoah's daughter and raised as an Egyptian. Added to this, Moses was never sentenced to exile. cit.). The Catholics copied these lies about Jochebed (though maybe she really was old when bearing Moses, am tracing that now in the Hebrew), to make a competing Virgin Mary, equally false and equally demeaning against women. Yet the Biblereveals that Levi and his son and grandson all had very long life spans. A daubed basket in the Nile was more merciful than the fatal hands of Pharaoh so Jochebed released it, trusting her baby to the water and ultimately to God. Rabbi (Judah ha-Nasi) would sit and expound, and the public was drowsing. ", Adding to the irony, Miriam stepped forward and offered to find a nurse for the baby. She is a witless baby.” Still another notion bases its understanding of the name on Job 26:13: “By his wind the heavens were calmed [shifrah].” The verse describes the heavens that were created by God for Israel, and it was Shiphrah who returned Israel to their Father in heaven (Eccl. The Bible gives no specific date for the death of Jochebed. That Jochebed could still be bearing children at the age of forty-eight might seem unlikely by modern standards. She brought him to all the Egyptian women, but Moses was not willing to nurse from any of them. Then she placed Moses into it and set it adrift in the Nile. So GOD DEEDS are what made him significant. So the 'sages' can't count, either. She is only mentioned twice by name in Scripture, but she is the mother of Miriam, Aaron and Moses. 40–41). A compilation of the commentary and discussions of the. A number of miracles were performed for Jochebed in connection with the birth of Moses: she bore him at the age of one hundred and thirty, and God restored her youth and her beauty. For the Hebrew midwives, see the entries: “Shiphrah,” “Puah.”. Jochebed married her nephew Amram, a grandson of her father. There is also little question that Jochebed should get a lot of credit for everything Moses did. Conservative scholars date the “Exodus,” a landmark in Israel’s history, at 1446 B.C. The regimen of rituals, songs and textual readings performed in a specific order on the first two nights (in Israel, on the first night) of Passover.Seder Eliyahu Rabbah 29). In the book of Exodus, he is left in a basket in a clump of reeds (bulrushes), but he is never abandoned. In the famous Cecil B. DeMille movie The Ten Commandments (where she is credited as Yochebel), she is shown setting Moses adrift in his wicker ark, and then as an aging slave who is almost buried alive by entrapment within two heavy monument stones until Moses, while still a prince of Egypt and even a contender for the throne, sets her free (and also pardons Joshua, who had struck an Egyptian overseer to force the Egyptians to stop moving the stone). The latest date that Jochebed could have been born was 2385 AM (1620 BC), the year her father died. With your help, JWA programs and resources can enrich lives, build resilience, and sustain hope for a better world. God gave His Son for the world, John 3:16, 2 Cor. Jochebed’s story is one of trust, courage, and faith. 2385 AM–2518 AM) (ca. Rabbah 7:3; Ex. One of the explanations of this discrepancy is that Jochebed completed the number seventy; she was not included in the list because she was still in her mother’s womb (Gen. Rabbah 94:9). Moreover, some historical facts provide that he died in the water, which can be the reference to the Exodus of Jews. "teaching," "study," or "learning." "Jochebed: Midrash and Aggadah." Moses’ mother, Jochebed, was a daughter of Levi who married a man of the house of Levi which would become the priestly clan of Israel. Our monthly sisterhood discussion of Joshebed , Mother of Moses peaked our interests and led to questions and a discussion that made us pursue more information about Amram's thoughts concerning the Pharoah's decree. Jochebed was able to use her amazing creativity and courage to solve an impossible problem. Lines and paragraphs break automatically. In fact, Jochebed is the first in the Bible to be named with yah, a shortened form of YHWH. This female votes 'NO'. The Masoretic Text states that Jochebed was Amram's father's sister. Rabbah [ed. He said: “Master of the Universe! Jochebed (2 Occurrences) Exodus 6:20 Amram took Jochebed his father's sister to himself as wife; and she bore him Aaron and Moses: and the years of the life of Amram were a hundred and thirty-seven years. This was the year that the reigning Pharaoh decreed that every male Hebrew child be thrown into the Nile River. teaches that Jochebed put the ark in a protected place, where bushes and reeds grew. The narrative of her pregnancy with Moses is amusingly incorporated in an exegesis relating to the time of the Rabbis. And then God would be breaking the Law prior to making it? In the Jeffrey Katzenberg animated-cartoon project The Prince of Egypt, Jochebed appears briefly setting Moses adrift, and presumably has long died before Moses meets a defiant Miriam who repeats Jochebed's last lullaby to him, thus triggering in him the memory of his true origin. If you want to read the first two Bible studies check out: Zarephath Widow Bible Study – A lesson in courage and surrender. If Amram’s and Jochebed’s heroic efforts to save Moses were discovered and reported, Pharoah could have had the whole family executed as an example to deter Israelites from disobeying his commands. That same day God swore that the Ark and the Torah would be entrusted to the arms of his descendants (the Kohathites are the only ones who bore the Ark during the journeying in the wilderness, as is attested in Num. BELIEF so strong, Jacob enters Egypt knowing he's committing his family to slavery and they all STAY there, knowing that future? The question of Jochebed’s kinship to Amram arises from the statement in Ex. Jochebed was brought up by her father and grandfather. Instead of drowning the child, she kept it for herself and gave it the name of Moses, which means "drawn out. 18:12–14 (BT Sanhedrin 58b). She gathered all the supplies and surreptitiously made a little “ark” (the same Hebrew word as in Noah’s ark). The name Jochebed in Hebrew means - glory of Jehovah or Jehovah is her Jochebed was the daughter of a Levi man and born in Egypt. Everything looked hopeless for the Hebrew slaves. 1:21), which the Rabbis understand as priestly and Levitical households, or as royal households. When He did, God knew exactly what He was doing. An additional midrashic explanation of her name is that she smoothed over (shiprah) her daughter Puah’s words. The painting "The Mother of Moses" by Simeon Solomon depicts Jochebed and Miriam looking and holding Moses. In fact, when Jesus came and died for our sins at Calvary, that was the greatest expression of love the world would ever see, Rom. Jochebed understood her role in life as a wife and mother. The Pharaoh had decreed that all Jewish male infants must die after birth. If the Midrash and Aggadah really contain these lies, the 'rabbis' quoted in them wouldn't know the Torah if it bit them. Accordingly, Prov. Little did Jochebed know that Moses would grow up to be a Hebrew lawgiver, statesman, prophet, and leader. The midrash apparently understands “builds her house” in a broad sense, because Jochebed’s wisdom in the raising of her own children led to the building and firm establishment of the entire people of Israel. Jochebed was the mother of Moses, one of the major characters in the Old Testament.Her appearance is short and we are not told much about her, but one trait stands out: trust in God.Her hometown was probably Goshen, in the land of Egypt. He is, nevertheless, faithful to his roots. 40–41). We See Her Credentials. We read about it in Exodus 1 and 2. Miriam, who was six years old at the time, said: “Father, father, your decree is harsher than that of Pharaoh. As the years passed by, Jochebed invested into her boy. Jochebed nursed Moses for twenty-four months (Ex. 2).  Yet the Cecil B. DeMille movie depicts Joshua as a grown man, and in fact shows him aging but few years during the time that Moses is supposed to be in exile in Midianite country.. The Exodus account focuses on the part of Jochebed because it was she, undoubtedly, along with Miriam, who actually carried out the casting of Moses on the Nile. Help us elevate the voices of Jewish women. In all three explanations, Jochebed immediately comprehended that her son was meant for greatness and she discerned that he possessed unique spiritual qualities. The Masoretic Text states that Jochebed was Amram's father's sister. Ex. The Rabbis identify Jochebed with Shiphrah, one of the two Hebrew midwives (Shiphrah and Puah) who delivered the children of the Israelites during the Egyptian servitude. Jochebed’s name means “honor or glory of God,” and she certainly honored God with her life and with her faith. The latter had spoken impudently to Pharaoh, who sought to kill her in his anger. In the Rabbinic retelling, when Amram returned his wife, Jochebed was a hundred and thirty years of age, but signs of youth appeared on her: her body became smoother, her wrinkles were straightened out, and her former beauty was restored. Jochebed was a grandaughter of Levi, Hebrew do-dato means 'on his aunt's side', not 'aunt'. 20 March 2009. When not specified, "Talmud" refers to the Babylonian Talmud.Talmud discusses this relationship in the context of the incest prohibitions in Lev. According to one midrashic view, Shiphrah and Puah were mother and daughter— Jochebed and Miriam, while another states that they were daughter-in-law and mother-in-law—Jochebed and Elisheba daughter of Amminadab. That is far more important than any good deed you can invent and pride yourself on (being petty of course). 6:20: “Amram took to wife his father’s sister Jochebed.” Amram was the son of Kohath and the grandson of Levi, while Jochebed was the daughter of Levi, and therefore his aunt. The Bible; the Pentateuch; Tanakh (the Pentateuch, Prophets and Hagiographia)Torah relates that the midwives did not fulfill Pharaoh’s command because they feared God, who rewarded them for their actions: “He established households [battim] for them” (Ex. "order." The latest date that Jochebed could have been born was 2385 AM (1620 BC), the year her father died. Your site helped us fill in all of the missing pieces!!!!!! If so, then why does Ex. The Lit. She gladly poured into her children – including Moses as she was paid a salary for caring for her son. Jochebed was desperate to … She caulked it with “bitumen and pitch” (Ex. She was not trying to escape her calling or evade her responsibility. So she took a wicker basket and covered it with tar and pitch. Rabbah 1:25). Kadari, Tamar. Jochebed is most known as the mother of Moses. Though this project also is flawed, its portrait of Jochebed is consistent with the Biblical narrative. The Rabbis say that when the daughter of Pharaoh asked of Jochebed: “Take [helikhi] this child and nurse it for me” (Ex. In the Rabbinic exegesis, Jochebed was already pregnant with Moses before Amram divorced her, and the fetus in her womb was three months old when he remarried her. Rather, this verse teaches that Jochebed’s pregnancy was without suffering, just as she gave birth without pain. 3:31) (Lit. 26:59): “The name of Amram’s wife was Jochebed daughter of Levi, who was born to Levi in Egypt.” The A type of non-halakhic literary activitiy of the Rabbis for interpreting non-legal material according to special principles of interpretation (hermeneutical rules).midrash adds that she was conceived on the way to Egypt, and was born between the walls (at the entrance to Egypt). So Jochebed and Miriam took the boy home and Jochebed nursed him. The conditions described in the first two chapters of Exodus indicate that indeed those were dark days for the Children of Israel. Lit. That Jochebed could still be bearing children at the age of forty-eight might seem unlikely by modern standards. Consequently, Miriam came and offered to the daughter of Pharaoh her mother Jochebed, who was “a Hebrew” (Ex. Still later, Ramses II sends Moses into exile, but first gives him a Levite cloak (red with alternating black and white stripes) that, he says, Jochebed sent to him before she died. Aaron, who was the high priest and the father of all the kohanim.Miriam, who was a prophetess, in whose merit the children of Israel had water during the … Ex. I. Lieberman], pp. Amram and Jochebed Did NOT Fear the King of Egypt. The sage, who wanted to awaken them, said: “A single woman in Egypt gave birth to sixty myriads from a single stomach.” There was a pupil there named R. Ishmael son of R. Yose, who asked him: “Was this really so?” He [Rabbi] replied: “This is Jochebed, who bore Moses, who is deemed the equivalent of sixty myriads of Israel” (Cant. We wanted to find out whether or not Amram supported Joshebed in her decision to hide Baby Moses. Pharaoh only decreed against the males, but you have decreed against both the males and the females [since all the Israelites withdrew from their wives, neither sons nor daughters would come into the world]. It is doubtful whether the decree of the wicked Pharaoh will be fulfilled, but you are righteous, and your decree will undoubtedly be fulfilled.” Amram heeded his daughter, and returned to his wife, whom he remarried in a public celebration with all possible pomp and ceremony: he sat her in a palanquin, Aaron and Miriam danced before her, and the ministering angels proclaimed (Ps. The Bible; the Pentateuch; Tanakh (the Pentateuch, Prophets and Hagiographia)Torah seemingly chose to concentrate on the birth of Israel’s deliverer, and therefore did not mention his two elder siblings. Epstein-Melamed], p. 6; BT Suspected adulteressSotah 12a; Pesikta Rabbati 43). Heb 11:23 …they were not afraid of the king’s command. Here is an expansion of the biblical story as I imagine it could have happened. And if all the male children were murdered, it would of course only be a generation or two until as a nation they would be wiped out completely. Jochebed appears in at least two motion picture projects depicting the life of Moses and the oppression and Exodus of Israel. Of the many unusual things about the life of Moses, the one that is rarely mentioned is the fact that the Bible covers his complete bio from birth to death. Pharaoh had commanded the Hebrews to throw all the baby boys in the Nile River (Exodus 1:22), so, in her own way, Jochebed obeyed. Or sometimes the question is framed, why did Jochebed give Moses up? The Rabbis resolve this abbreviated chronology by stating that Jochebed and Amram divorced, and Ex. The Torah she-bi-khetav: Lit. The A type of non-halakhic literary activitiy of the Rabbis for interpreting non-legal material according to special principles of interpretation (hermeneutical rules).midrash portrays Jochebed as a wise woman who was righteous and God-fearing. This is corroborated by another early A type of non-halakhic literary activitiy of the Rabbis for interpreting non-legal material according to special principles of interpretation (hermeneutical rules).midrash, that states that Jochebed was one of the offspring of Jacob who went down to Egypt and was also among those who entered the land of Canaan (Lit. Later she returned with clothing and crib for the child. But among all the poor Hebrew slaves, there was one couple who … She and her husband, Amram lived around 1571BC to 1613BC or 2,433 years after Creation. The Bible; the Pentateuch; Tanakh (the Pentateuch, Prophets and Hagiographia)Torah also designates Jochebed as the “daughter of Levi” (Num. God returned her child to her, thus granting her a part of her reward for keeping alive the Hebrew boys (Ex. The story of Jochebed was used by Rabbi (R. Judah ha-Nasi) to divert his audience when they became sleepy. … When Moses was about to die, he addressed God and begged for his life. Is God a liar or inconsistent, or are the 'sages' liars not to know Hebrew usage of 'dodato'? For seventeen years she was together, with her grandfather, for Jacob died seventeen years after his coming to Egypt. 78). For 430 years, Israelites lived in Egypt, at first in comfort because the “vice president” of the country was their relative Joseph. 2:7, BT Suspected adulteressSotah 12b). All Israel saw this, and they, too, remarried their wives (Mekhilta de-Rabbi Simeon bar Yohai [ed. But Egypt’s efforts were in vain; God was with His people, and He was preparing to bring Israel out of the land. Rather, the then-reigning Pharaoh signed his death warrant and Moses had to flee like the wanted man that he was. "the written Torah." Rabbah 1:16). That Jochebed could still be bearing children at the age of forty-eight might seem unlikely by modern standards. Jochebed gave her son for Israel. In the long run, he delivers his people, the Jews, from enslavement in Egypt. Wow, there are so many anti-Bible errors in this report it's not funny. "the written Torah." "order." All Israel saw this, and in consequence they also divorced their wives. The Masoretic Text states that Jochebed was Amram's father's sister. For three months Jochebed hid Moses in her home, but she could not hide him indefinitely. So should the Jews be as dumb as the Christians, to feel good about being female? Very few have that distinction: Samson, Samuel, John the Baptist and Jesus to name a few. Jochebed And Amram took him Jochebed his father's sister to wife; and she bare him His father’s sister Aaron and Moses . 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